From The Blackjacks to The Beatles

The Blackjacks (March 1957) – name was used for about one week
John Lennon: guitar
Pete Shotton: washboard
Colin Hanton: drums
Eric Griffiths: guitar
Rod Davis: banjo

Bill Smith: tea chest bass

Bill Smith tea chest bass

Bill Smith

Quarry Men (March 1957)
John Lennon: guitar
Pete Shotton: washboard
Colin Hanton: drums
Eric Griffiths: guitar
Rod Davis: banjo
Bill Smith: tea-chest bass (Smith was replaced after a few weeks by Len Garry.)

quarry3_op_800x562bPhot0096Lennon2Quarry Men (April 1957)

John Lennon: guitar
Pete Shotton: washboard
Rod Davis: banjo
Eric Griffiths: guitar
Colin Hanton: drums
Len Garry/Ivan Vaughn: tea-chest bass*
Nigel Whalley: tea-chest bass, manager

Paul's friend & classmate Ivan Vaughan

Paul’s friend & classmate Ivan Vaughan, the boy who introduced Paul to John Lennon

Paul met John Lennon on Jul. 6, 1957, Len Garry was playing tea-chest bass that day.
* Either Len Garry or Ivan Vaughn played tea-chest bass depending on who showed up or who felt like playing. Nigel Whalley would also fill in on tea-chest bass.

Quarry Men (2oth July 1957)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
Pete Shotton: washboard ~
Rod Davis: banjo *
Eric Griffiths: guitar
Colin Hanton: drums
Len Garry/Ivan Vaughn *: tea-chest bass
Nigel Whalley*: tea-chest bass, manager
Pete Shotton left the group after a performance in Toxteth at a party thrown by Colin Hanton’s aunt. (date unknown)
* Rod (and possibly Nigel) appears to have quit by late 1957. It would seem that Ivan also quit around this time (if not earlier) as there is no record of him being with the group when Paul debuted with the Quarrymen in October of 1957.

Quarry Men (late 1957)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar*
Eric Griffiths, guitar
Colin Hanton, drums
Len Garry: tea-chest bass
Nigel Whalley: manager (?)
* Paul’s first performance with the Quarry Men was at the New Clubmoor Hall on 18th October 1957.

lowe_op_800x367Quarry Men (6th February 1958-mid 1958)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar *
Eric Griffiths, guitar
Colin Hanton, drums
John “Duff” Lowe was an occasional member in 1958
Nigel Whalley: manager (?)
* George Harrison was introduced to the Quarry Men sometime in early 1958 (most sources give the date as 2/6/58), he would sit in at rehearsals and performances and eventually took over Eric Griffiths place on guitar. Nigel Whalley was involved with the “freezing out” of Eric and so may still have been managing the group.

Quarry Men (mid 1958- 1959) *
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar
Colin Hanton, drums
John “Duff” Lowe was an occasional member in 1958
* Sometime in mid 1958 the Quarry Men made a demonstration record, recording “That’ll Be The Day” and “In Spite Of All The Danger,” Colin Hanton did not participate.

Quarry Men (1959)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar *
* George Harrison joined the Les Stewart Quartet in January of 1959. The Les Stewart Quartet were going to be the resident band at the Casbah Club, but an argument between Les and Ken caused Ken and George to walk out. George got in touch with John and Paul and along with Ken Brown they opened the Casbah Club on 8/29/59.

Quarry Men (29th August 1959- 10th October 1959)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar
Ken Brown: guitar

Johnny and The Moondogs (10/18/59-11/15/59) *
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar
* The name Johnny and The Moondogs was used for their audition on Carroll Levis’ “TV Star Search.”

Look_ForewardBeatals (1/?/60) *
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar
Stu Sutcliffe: bass guitar
* Stu Sutcliffe renamed the group the “Beatals” sometime after joining the group in January 1960.
John and Paul appeared as the Nerk Twins on 23rd & 24th April at the Fox And Hounds, Caversham, Berkshire.

Silver Beetles (5/5/60-6/13/60) *
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar
Stu Sutcliffe: bass guitar
Tommy Moore: drums
* Allan Williams became ‘manager’ around the beginning of May 1960 and continued in that roll until April 1961. Allan secured the services of Tommy Moore as drummer around 5th May  1960.  The group appeared as the Silver Beats on 14th May 1960 during an appearance at Lathom Hall. However, Williams’ claims as ‘manager’ are disputed by Sam Leach. Sam Leach interviewed by Richard Oliff. Wednesday 1st May 2013. Leach claims to have been the Beatles first ‘genuine’ manager. When the Beatles returned from Hamburg following gigs arranged by promoter Allan Williams, they needed someone to get them their first real ‘professional’ gigs. Sam speaks openly about his relationship with the Beatles before he ‘handed’ them over to Brian Epstein. The rest, as they say, is history.

Silver Beatles (July 1960)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar
Stu Sutcliffe: bass guitar

Norman Chapman: drums

Norman Chapman: drums

Norman Chapman

PETE_BESTBeatles (8/12/60)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar
Stu Sutcliffe: bass guitar
Pete Best: drums *
* Pete Best auditioned for the Beatles on 12th August 1960.

chas newby

Chas Newby

Beatles (17th December 1960 – 31st December 1960)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: guitar
George Harrison: guitar
Chas Newby: bass guitar
Pete Best: drums

The Beatles (1st January 1961 – 15th August 1962)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: bass guitar
George Harrison: guitar
Pete Best: drums
* Stu Sutcliffe appeared with the Beatles occasionally during the Beatles second Hamburg trip.
Brian Epstein first saw the Beatles performing at the Cavern Club on 9th November 1961.
Paul switched to bass sometime before 14th February 1961.

beatle sigsThe Beatles (18th August 1962 – 10th April 1970)
John Lennon: guitar
Paul McCartney: bass guitar
George Harrison: guitar
Ringo Starr: drums

Sources:

Catherine E. Doyle – abbeyrd.best.vwh.net, Ray Coleman – “Lennon”, Hunter Davis – “The Beatles Authorized Biography”, Bill Harry – “The Ultimate Beatles Encyclopedia” and “Richard Oliff Interview”, Mark Lewisohn – “The Complete Beatles Chronicles”, Pete Shotton and Nicholas Schaffner – “The Beatles, Lennon and Me”, Allen Wiener – “The Beatles Ultimate Recording Guide”, Allan Williams – “The Man Who Gave The Beatles Away”, Sam Leach – “Richard Oliff Interview”, Pete Best – “Richard Oliff Interview”

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